Welcome to HMKV's blog.

This blog currently documents a research trip to twelve former Soviet Republics for a new regional project of the Goethe-Institut (2015-17). Earlier entries document the "Afro-Tech and the Future of (Re-)Invention" research trip to Kenya, South Africa and Nigeria (10-25 April 2014, Anne Bergner and Inke Arns), and the INDUSTRIAL on Tour trip to five industrial cities in Poland (27 Sep - 9 Oct 2011, Thibaut de Ruyter, Inke Arns et al.)

Nairobi: Jua Kali (Swahili for "hot sun") - Kenya's Informal Sector

Today we learned about "Jua Kali" - Kenya's Informal Sector. Kenya was where the term “informal sector” was first used in 1971. During the 1980s the term “jua kali”—in Swahili “hot sun”—came to be used of the informal sector artisans, such as carworkers and metalworkers, who were working under the hot sun because of a lack of premises. Gradually it came to refer to anybody in self-employment. And in 1988 the government set up the Jua Kali Development Programme. Today the National Museum of Nairobi dedicates an entire section to this practice.

Here are some links:

Mark Wiens: "Jua Kali – The Informal Kenyan Sector for 'Git Er Done'", July 24, 2011

Kenneth King: Jua Kali Kenya: Change and Development in an Informal Economy, 1970–1995, 1996

Steve Daniels: Making Do: Innovation in Kenya's Informal Economy, 2010

Reviews of "Making Do" (2010):
Mandy de Waal: "New book on Kenya's informal sector, some great lessons", 22 Sep 2010

Jenara Nerenberg: "Africa's Informal Economy Revealed: New book synthesizes activities of informal product designers", August 23, 2010

Steve Daniels: "African Tech Makers: Selections from the New Book Making Do", Aug 27, 2010